Epidemiological Study (cross-sectional study)
The association between use of electronic media and prevalence of headache in adolescents: results from a population-based cross-sectional study. epidemiol. By: Milde-Busch A, von Kries R, Thomas S, Heinrich S, Straube A, Radon K
Published in: BMC Neurol 2010; 10 (1): 12 ( full article, PubMed Entry , Journal web site )
Aim of study (according to author)
A cross-sectional study was conducted in Germany to investigate the association between use of electronic media and prevalence of headache in adolescents.
This study is part of the MobilE project, an epidemiological investigation of possible effects of exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic fields on well-being in children and adolescents.
Adolescents who reported at least one episode of headache per month during the last six months, were invited to answer a questionnaire for a more detailed investigation of the headache type.
Endpoint/type of risk estimation
Estimate of prevalence
- headache (migraine, tension-type headache, miscellaneous headache)
Exposuregroups of exposure:
|Reference group 1: || daily mobile phone use: not at all |
|group 2: || daily mobile phone use: < 5 min |
|group 3: || daily mobile phone use: 6 - 15 min |
|group 4: || daily mobile phone use: 16 - 30 min |
|group 5: || daily mobile phone use: > 30 min |
Study group: children, aged from 13 to 17 years
Group characteristics: adolescents
Observation period: not stated
Study location: Germany (Bavaria)
Further parameters acquired by questionnaire (daily use of computer/internet, watching television/videos, playing games with game consoles and listening to music)
|Study size || |
|number total ||1,025|
Statistical analysis using logistic regression (adjusted for age, sex, socioeconomic status, family condition)
Results/conclusion (according to author)
77 % of the adolescents reported no or little (< 5 min/day) mobile phone use. 489 out of 1025 subjects reported headache.
No association between mobile phone use and headache was observed. The authors concluded that (apart from an association between listening to music and overall headache) no consistent associations between the use of electronic media and different types of headache were observed.
(Study character: epidemiological study, cross-sectional study)
Study funded by
- Deutsches Mobilfunk Forschungsprogramm (DMF; German Mobile Phone Research Programme) at Federal Office for Radiation Protection (BfS)
- Byun YH et al. (2013): Mobile phone use, blood lead levels, and attention deficit hyperactivity...
- Sudan M et al. (2012): Prenatal and Postnatal Cell Phone Exposures and Headaches in Children.
- Heinrich S et al. (2011): The impact of exposure to radio frequency electromagnetic fields on chronic...
- Thomas S et al. (2010): Exposure to radio-frequency electromagnetic fields and behavioural problems in...
- Thomas S et al. (2010): The association between socioeconomic status and exposure to mobile...
- Heinrich S et al. (2010): Association between exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic fields assessed...
- Söderqvist F et al. (2008): Use of wireless telephones and self-reported health symptoms: a...
- Thomas S et al. (2008): Personal exposure to mobile phone frequencies and well-being in adults: a...
- Thomas S et al. (2008): Exposure to mobile telecommunication networks assessed using personal dosimetry...
- Oftedal G et al. (2007): Mobile phone headache: a double blind, sham-controlled provocation study.
- Seitz H et al. (2005): Electromagnetic hypersensitivity (EHS) and subjective health complaints...
- Chia SE et al. (2000): Prevalence of headache among handheld cellular telephone users in Singapore: a...
Glossary: adolescents, children, computer, cross-sectional study, digital, electromagnetic fields, electronic, epidemiological, exposure, headache, logistic regression, media, migraine, mobile communication, mobile phone, prevalence, questionnaire, radiofrequency, socioeconomic status, statistical, subjects, television
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