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Mobile phone related epidemiological studies

There are different study designs for observational epidemiological studies that differ in effort of realization, duration of investigation, validity, and cost. Learn more …

Mobile-phone related articles are

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Hypersensitivity/well-being/subjective complaints

StudiesBackground information
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AuthorsYearStudy TypeStudy GroupInvestig. PeriodCountryEndpointsParameter
Singh K et al.2016cross-sectional study, preliminary studymen, women, over 18 years2013Indiahypertension, headache, dizziness, sleep disturbances, salivary function (unstimulated and stimulated salivary flow rates, level of hydration, saliva consistency and pH)cell phone base station, residential exposure
Eyvazlou M et al.2016cross-sectional studymen, women, 18 to 28 years2014Iransomatic symptoms, social dysfunction, anxiety, and severe depression, insomniamobile phone
Stalin P et al.2016cross-sectional studymen, women, over 18 yearsJanuary 2014Indiaheadache, earache, neck pain, tinnitus, painful fingers, restlessness, morning tiredness, tingling fingers, fatigue, eye symptoms, sleep disturbance and hypertension, sleep disturbancesmobile phone
Silva DF et al.2015cross-sectional studymen, women, 18 to 87 yearsnot statedBrazilirritability, anxiety, decreased libido, palpitation, depression, depressive tendency, depressive symptoms mobile phone, cell phone base station
Huss A et al.2015cohort studychildren, 6 to 8 years2003 - 2011The Netherlandssleep-onset delay, sleep duration, night wakening, parasomnia, daytime sleepinessmobile communication system, mobile phone, cell phone base station, GSM, UMTS, cordless phone, W-LAN/WiFi, residential exposure, personal exposure
Zheng F et al.2015cross-sectional studychildren, 9 to 12 yearsOctober 2011 - May 2012Chinaheadache, dizziness, fatigue, feeling low, heart beating fast, sleep disturbancesmobile phone
Baliatsas C et al.2015surveymen, women, over 18 yearsJanuary 2011 - June 2011Netherlands23 symptoms such as headache, fatigue, dizziness, memory or concentration problems, skin symptoms, heart palpitations, ear symptoms, neck or shoulder symptoms, back pain, muscular pain, sleep disturbances, hypersensitivitymobile communication system, cell phone base station, GSM, UMTS, DECT, Radio/TV transmitter, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, electric blanket, domestic appliance, residential exposure, personal exposure
Chiu CT et al.2015cross-sectional studychildren, 11 to 15 yearsMay 2010 - September 2010Taiwanheadaches/migraine and skin itches, insomnia, excess daytime sleepinessmobile phone, personal exposure
Islam SMS2014men, women, over 18 years2009Bangladeshheadache, dizziness, mood change, anxiety, depression and palpitation, sleep disturbancescell phone base station, residential exposure
Saxena Y et al.2014surveymen, women, 16 to 22 yearsnot givenIndiasleep efficiency, sleep duration, sleep disturbance, sleep latency, daytime dysfunctionmobile communication system, mobile phone, GSM, personal exposure
Liu H et al.2014cross-sectional studymen, women, 22 to 60 yearsAugust - September 2011Chinasleep quality and sleep durationmobile phone, electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational exposure, personal exposure
Zheng F et al.2014cross-sectional studymen, women, children, 12 to 20 yearsnot statedChinainattentionmobile phone, personal exposure
Suleiman A et al.2014surveymen, women, 16 to 77 yearsSeptember 2013Malaysiaheadache, giddiness, loss of memory, diarrhea, mental slowness, reduction in reaction time, depression, mood swing, fatigue, somnolence, vomiting, palpitation, feverish, insomniacell phone base station, residential exposure
Szyjkowska A et al.2014surveymen, women, 22 to 44 years2005Polandheadaches, dizziness, fatigue, concentration difficulties, memory loss, warmth behind ear/on ear, burning skinmobile phone
Baliatsas C et al.2014cross-sectional studymen, women, over 18 yearsJanuary 2011 - June 2011Netherlandshypersensitivitycell phone base station, domestic appliance, residential exposure, personal exposure, non-EMF exposure
van Dongen D et al.2014cross-sectional studymen, women, 18 to 87 yearsNetherlandsself-reported non-specific symptoms (e.g., headache, fatigue, back pain, nausea, dizziness, tingling, palpitation), risk perception of EMF in general and of different EMF sources, attribution of symptoms to possible causes, including EMFmobile communication system, mobile phone, cell phone base station, GSM, UMTS, DECT, microwave oven/heating device, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential exposure, personal exposure, non-EMF exposure
Shahbazi-Gahrouei D et al.2014cross-sectional studymen, women, over 18 yearsOctober 2012 - November 2012Iranheadaches, fatigue, depressive tendencies, irritability, feeling of discomfort, loss of appetite, nausea, memory loss, visual disturbances, hearing disturbances, dizziness, cardiovascular problems, lowering of libido, nervousness, sleep disturbancescell phone base station
Kucer N et al.2014surveymen, women, children, 9 to 80 years2011Turkeyheadache, vertigo/dizziness, fatigue, forgetfulness, insomnia, tension-anxiety, joint and bone pain, lacrimation of the eyes, hearing loss and tinnitus, insomniamobile phone, domestic appliance, personal exposure
Gomez-Perretta C et al.2013cross-sectional studymen, women, 15 to 81 yearsJanuary 2001Spainfatigue, irritability, headache, nausea, lack of appetite, depression, lack of concentration, memory loss, skin alterations, visual disturbances, vertigo, vascular alterations, hearing problems, walking difficulty, sleep disturbancesmobile communication system, cell phone base station, GSM, residential exposure
Sudan M et al.2013cohort studychildren, 0 to 7 years1996 - 2002Denmarkhearing lossmobile phone, personal exposure
Hagström M et al.2013surveymen, women, 27 to 98 yearsJuly 2011 - January 2012Finland68 different symptoms, e.g. stress, sleep disorder, fatigue, concentration problems, memory problems, anxiety, muscle tension, skin problems, heart complaintsmobile communication system, mobile phone, cell phone base station, GSM, microwave oven/heating device, electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, PC/TV monitor, domestic appliance, EMF in general, residential exposure, personal exposure, non-EMF exposure
Byun YH et al.2013cohort studychildren, 8 to 11 years 2005 - 2006, follow-up 2009 - 2010Koreaattention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)mobile phone
Guxens M et al.2013cohort studychildren, 5 years2003 - 2011The Netherlandsbehavior problemsmobile communication system, mobile phone, GSM, cordless phone, personal exposure
Sudan M et al.2012cohort studychildren, children with exposure in utero, 7 yearsuntil April 2010Denmarkmigraine, headaches, headache-related symptoms (stomach aches or sickness)mobile phone, personal exposure
Mohler E et al.2012cohort studymen, women, 30 to 60 yearsMay 2008, follow-up in May 2009Switzerlandsleep quality and daytime sleepinessmobile phone, cell phone base station, radio frequency field, cordless phone, W-LAN/WiFi, Radio/TV transmitter, residential exposure, personal exposure
Kato Y et al.2012surveymen, women, 19 to 81 yearsJune - October 2009Japansleep disturbances, 43 symptoms, e.g. headache, fatigue, concentration difficulties, dizziness, stiff nack or back, irritation, anxiety, skin problemsmobile communication system, digital mobile phone, cell phone base station, PHS, cordless phone, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, LF therapeutical/medical device, induction cooker, domestic appliance, MRI, residential exposure, personal exposure
Bortkiewicz A et al.2012cross-sectional studymen, women, over 18 yearsnot statedPolandheadache, impaired memory, dermal changes, depression, fatigue, irritation, circulatory systoms, vertigo, mental discomfort, visual disorders, hearing problems, loss of appetite, nausea, sleep disturbances, health statuscell phone base station, cordless phone, microwave oven/heating device, 50/60 Hz, inhouse wiring, domestic appliance, occupational exposure, residential exposure, personal exposure, non-EMF exposure
Frei P et al.2012cohort studymen, women, 30 to 60 years2008, follow-up in 2009Switzerlandnon-specific health symptoms (e.g., headache, fatigue, loss of appetite, lack of energy or concentration) and tinnitusmobile phone, cell phone base station, DECT, cordless phone, W-LAN/WiFi, Radio/TV transmitter, personal exposure
Mortazavi SM et al.2011cross-sectional studychildren, 6 to 16 yearsnot statedIranheadache, myalgia, palpitation, fatigue, tinnitus, concentration problems, attention problems, nervousnessmobile phone, cordless phone, PC/TV monitor
Alazawi SA2011cross-sectional studymen, women, 18 to 66 yearsMay - June 2010Iraqheadaches, fatigue, depressive tendencies, irritability, feeling of discomfort, loss of appetite, nausea, difficulties in concentration, memory loss, visual disturbances, hearing disturbances, dizziness, cardiovascular problems, lowering of libido, nervousness, sleep disturbancescell phone base station, residential exposure
Chu MK et al.2011cross-sectional studymen, women, 21 to 25 years2005Koreaheadachemobile communication system, mobile phone, CDMA, personal exposure
Tseng MMC et al.2011cross-sectional studymen, over 18 yearsAugust 2007Taiwanhypersensitivitymobile phone, cell phone base station, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, EMF in general
Munezawa T et al.2011surveychildren, 13 to 19 yearsDecember 2008 - January 2009Japansleep duration, sleep quality, excessive daytime sleepiness, insomniamobile phone, personal exposure
Baliatsas C et al.2011cross-sectional studymen, women, over 18 years2006The Netherlandsnon-specific physical symptomscell phone base station, power transmission line, residential exposure
Heinrich S et al.2011cross-sectional studychildren, 8 to 17 years2006 - 2007Germanychronic symptoms over the last 6 months: headache, irritation, nervousness, dizziness, fatigue, and fear, sleep disturbancesmobile communication system, mobile phone, digital mobile phone, cell phone base station, GSM, UMTS, radio frequency field, DECT, W-LAN/WiFi, residential exposure, personal exposure
Röösli M et al.2010cohort studymen, women, 30 to 60 years2008, follow-up in 2009Switzerlanddaytime sleepiness, hypersensitivity, headache, tinnitusmobile phone, cell phone base station, cordless phone, W-LAN/WiFi, Radio/TV transmitter, residential exposure, personal exposure
Heinrich S et al.2010cross-sectional studychildren, 8 to 17 years2006 - 2007Germanyheadache, irritation, nervousness, dizziness, fatigue and concentration problems mobile communication system, mobile phone, cell phone base station, GSM, UMTS, radio frequency field, DECT, W-LAN/WiFi, residential exposure, personal exposure
Eger H et al.2010surveymen, women, over 18 yearsJanuary 2009Germanydepression, headache, cerebral symptoms, joint illnesses, infections, skin changes, dizziness, cardiovascular symptoms, disorders of the optical and acoustic sensory systems, nosebleed, hormonal disorders, gain and loss of weight, disorders of the gastrointestinal tract , sleep disturbancescell phone base station, DECT, residential exposure
Hutter HP et al.2010case-control studymen, women, 16 to 80 yearsNov 2003 - Nov 2004Austriatinnitusmobile phone, personal exposure
Breckenkamp J et al.2010cross-sectional studymen, women, 15 to 71 yearsMarch - August 2006Germanyheadache, health complaints, mental, and physical health, sleep disturbances, risk perception (not concerned, concerned, attributed own adverse health effects to base stations)mobile communication system, digital mobile phone, cell phone base station, GSM, UMTS, TETRA/TETRAPOL, DECT, W-LAN/WiFi, TV broadcast (VHF/UHF), FM broadcast, residential exposure
Mohler E et al.2010cross-sectional studymen, women, 30 to 60 yearsMay 2008Switzerlandsleep disturbances and daytime sleepinessmobile communication system, mobile phone, cell phone base station, GSM, TETRA/TETRAPOL, radio frequency field, DECT, cordless phone, W-LAN/WiFi, TV broadcast (VHF/UHF), FM broadcast, residential exposure, personal exposure
Milde-Busch A et al.2010cross-sectional studychildren, 13 to 17 yearsnot statedGermanyheadache (migraine, tension-type headache, miscellaneous headache)mobile communication system, digital mobile phone, personal exposure
Johansson A et al.2010cross-sectional studymen, womenDecember 2005 - April 2006Swedensleep disturbances, dizziness, discomfort, concentration, memory loss, fatigue, headaches, warmth behind/around ear, warmth on ear, burning skin, tingling/tightness, tinnitus, numbness, anxiety, depression, somatization, exhaustion and stressmobile phone, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, PC/TV monitor, domestic appliance, personal exposure
Augner C et al.2009surveymen, women, 18 to 67 yearsnot statedAustriahypersensitivity, EMF-health concerns; biological parameters alpha-amylase, cortisol, immunoglobulin A, and substance P cell phone base station, residential exposure
Korpinen LH et al.2009surveymen, women, 18 to 65 yearsOctober 2002Finlandpain in several joints and back, sleep disturbances, self-reported physical symptoms: headache, earache, warmth sensations, skin symptoms, depression, exhaustion at work, substance addiction, anxiety or fear situationsmobile phone, personal exposure
Berg-Beckhoff G et al.2009cross-sectional studymen, women, 15 to 71 yearsMarch - August 2006Germanyheadaches, health complaints, mental, and physical health, sleep disturbances, risk perception (not concerned, concerned, attributed own adverse health effects to base stations)mobile communication system, cell phone base station, GSM, UMTS, TETRA/TETRAPOL, Bluetooth, DECT, W-LAN/WiFi, TV broadcast (VHF/UHF), FM broadcast, DVB-T, residential exposure
Blettner M et al.2009cross-sectional studymen, women, 14 to 69 years2004Germanyconcerns; health complaints e.g. cognition problems, pain, sleeping problems, skin reactions, gastrointestinal affections, visual problemscell phone base station, residential exposure
Khan MM2008surveymen, womennot givenSaudi-Arabiachronic headache, impaired concentration, impaired memory, fatigue, hearing problem, skin disease, warmth around the ear, sleeplessness, self-rated health condition, relation of symptoms to mobile phone usemobile phone, personal exposure
Söderqvist F et al.2008cross-sectional studymen, women, 15 to 19 yearsOctober 2005Swedensleep disturbances, health symptoms such as tiredness, stress, headache, anxiety, and concentration difficultiesmobile communication system, analog mobile phone, digital mobile phone, GSM, UMTS, NMT, DECT, W-LAN/WiFi, personal exposure, non-EMF exposure
Thomas S et al.2008cross-sectional studymen, women, 18 to 65 yearsJanuary 2005 - August 2006Germanyheadache, neurological symptoms (e.g., tinnitus), cardiovascular symptoms (e.g., tachycardia), concentration problems, fatigue, sleep disturbancesmobile communication system, digital mobile phone, cell phone base station, GSM, UMTS, DECT, W-LAN/WiFi, personal exposure
Davidson HC et al.2007surveymen, women, 18 to 30 yearsnot givenUnited Kingdomhearing, tinnitus, and balance difficultiesmobile phone, personal exposure
Schüz J et al.2007cohort studymen, women, over 18 yearsJanuary 1982 - December 1995, followed up through 2003DenmarkAlzheimer disease, dementia, Parkinson disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, multiple sclerosis, epilepsy, migraine, vertigomobile communication system, analog mobile phone, digital mobile phone, personal exposure
Mortazavi SM et al.2007cross-sectional studymen, womenspring 2005Iranheadache, vertigo/dizziness, myalgia, palpitation, fatigue, tinnitus, difference in concentration, attention disorder, nervousness, and low back painmobile communication system, digital mobile phone, PC/TV monitor, personal exposure
Schreier N et al.2006cross-sectional studymen, women, over 14 yearsMay - July 2004Switzerlandsleep disorders, headache, concentration difficulties, nervousness, rheumatism/muscle pain, respiratory problems, dizzinessmobile communication system, digital mobile phone, cell phone base station, cordless phone, Radio/TV transmitter, microwave oven/heating device, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, PC/TV monitor, domestic appliance, residential exposure, personal exposure, non-EMF exposure
Schüz J et al.2006surveymen, womenOctober 2003 - March 2005Germanyheadache, tiredness, concentration difficulties, increased heart beat, vertigo, impaired vision, loss of appetite, anxiety, and other symptoms, sleep disturbances, self-classified hypersensitivity mobile communication system, analog mobile phone, digital mobile phone, cell phone base station, cordless phone, electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, electrical substation, traction current (16 2/3 Hz), domestic appliance, residential exposure, personal exposure
Meo SA et al.2005surveymen, women, 18 to 46 yearsnot givenSaudi-Arabiahearing and vision complaints: impaired hearing, ear ache and/or warmth of the ear; decreased vision and/or blurred visionmobile phone, personal exposure
Meo SA et al.2005preliminary studymen, women, 18 to 42 years2002 - 2004Saudi-Arabiahearing and vision complaints: earache, heating around the ear, decreased hearing, decreased or blurred visionmobile phone, personal exposure
Balik HH et al.2005surveymen, womennot givenTurkeyblurring of vision, redness on the eyes, vision disturbance, secretion of the eyes, inflammation in the eyes and lacrimation of the eyesmobile phone, personal exposure
Balikci K et al.2005surveymen, womennot givenTurkeyheadache, dizziness, extreme irritation, shaking in the hands, speaking falteringly, forgetfulness, neuro-psychological discomfort, increase in the carelessness, decrease of the reflex and clicking sound in the earsmobile phone, personal exposure
Salama OE et al.2004cross-sectional studymen, women, 20 to 60 yearsnot statedEgyptheadache, earache, burning sensation of the face, fatigue, concentration difficulty, sleep disturbancesmobile phone, personal exposure
Al-Khlaiwi T et al.2004studymen, women, 18 to 42 years2002 - 2003Saudi-Arabiasleep disturbances, fatigue, headache, dizziness, tensionmobile phone, personal exposure
Navarro EA et al.2003preliminary studymen, women, over 15 yearsJanuary 2001Spainmicrowave sickness: fatigue, irritability, headache, nausea, appetite loss, insomnia, depression, discomfort, difficulty in concentration, memory loss, skin alterations, visual + auditory dysfunction, dizziness, gait difficulty, cardiovascular alterationsmobile communication system, cell phone base station, GSM, residential exposure
Santini R et al.2003surveymen, womennot givenFrancesymptoms of discomfort, sleep disturbances, fatigue, irritability, headaches, nausea, loss of appetite, depressive tendency, concentration difficulties, memory loss, skin problems, visual + hearing disturbances, dizziness, movement diff, cardiovasc. problems, libido loweringcell phone base station, residential exposure
Santini R et al.2002surveymen, womennot givenFrancegeneral symptoms (headache, concentration difficulties, loss of memory, tiredness, sleep disturbance); symptoms during use (discomfort, burning sensation of the face, pricking sensation on the ear, warmth of the ear) mobile communication system, digital mobile phone, GSM, PC/TV monitor, personal exposure
Sandström M et al.2001cross-sectional studymen, women1996Sweden, Norwaysubjective symptoms: dizziness, discomfort, concentration, memory loss, fatigue, headaches, warmth behind ear, warmth on ear, burning skin, tingling/tightnessmobile communication system, analog mobile phone, digital mobile phone, GSM, NMT, occupational exposure, personal exposure
Oftedal G et al.2000cross-sectional studymen, women1996Sweden, Norwaysensations of warmth on the ear and behind/around the ear, burning sensations in the facial skin and headaches mobile communication system, analog mobile phone, GSM, NMT, PC/TV monitor, occupational exposure, personal exposure
Hocking B1998surveymen, women1996Australiacranial symptoms, neurological symptoms, atypical symptoms, waist symptomsmobile communication system, analog mobile phone, digital mobile phone, personal exposure